by Bill Quigley
The young people occupying the Florida governor’s office seek more than just repeal of Stand Your Ground laws. They are crafting and proposing “a full legislative package to challenge the criminalization of our generation.”
Florida “Dream Defenders” Confront Racialized Justice System
by Bill Quigley
“They are demanding changes in Florida laws which criminalize young black and brown people.”
Packed into the small reception area of the Florida Governor’s office in Tallahassee, a couple dozen determined Dream Defenders conducted a people’s hearing on racial profiling. Black and brown college and high school youth took turns giving compelling testimony of being profiled at school, in public and by the police. In one corner was a court reporter. A camera was live streaming the proceedings.
On the coffee table, a can of iced tea and a bag of skittles. On the floor were strips of tape to keep an aisle clear so the Governor’s people could find get in and out of their offices. Over the couch was a hand lettered sign of a quote by Dr. Martin Luther King: “The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort and convenience, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy.”
These are the Dream Defenders. They are an inspiring and organized black and brown student movement going into week four of their sit in and occupation of the Florida Governor’s office. They are demanding changes in Florida laws which criminalize young black and brown people.
Each night, as uniformed police lock the doors, dozens sprawl out on the marble floor to sleep until dawn. Visits by Rev. Jesse Jackson, and singer activist Harry Belafonte inspired the students, energized older activists, and connected this campaign to the student-led part of the civil rights movement.
“Repealing stand your ground is not enough.”
Outside the reception area were many more determined young activists from seven universities in Florida as well as other students, parents and supporters from Baltimore, Brooklyn, Charlotte, DC, Miami and New Orleans. Some were in suits and ties, most were wearing black t-shirts with white words CAN WE DREAM TOGETHER? in English, Haitian Kreyol, Spanish and Arabic.
Friday night more than a dozen Florida religious leaders joined over 100 Dreamers for an interfaith service. After joyful, powerful singing and chanting echoed off the marble, prayers were offered by a Rabbi, an Imam, and representatives from Baptist, Catholic, Episcopal, Lutheran, Methodist and Presbyterian communities. Isaiah, Gandhi, Jesus, the Torah, the Bible and the Koran were all invoked as the crowd held hands around the Florida state seal. Rev. Brant Copeland prayed “for a person to be able to walk in their neighborhood and not be accosted by armed people who make judgments of them. People of faith should stand here together because we are all pointed in the same direction.”
The Dream Defenders are pushing for three changes in Florida law. An end to racial profiling, ending the school to prison pipeline and repeal of stand your ground. They call their three demands Trayvon’s Law.
Behind the scenes is a determined team of young female and male college age leaders of many colors building power. “We are bringing about social change by training and organizing youth and students in nonviolent civil disobedience and direct action.”
This is not their first action. A group marched from Sanford to Talahassee right after the Zimmerman verdict. Others protested the omission of the “war on youth” at the 2012 presidential debate in Boca Raton.
“The media is not telling the full story,” said Dream Defender Steven Pargett of Florida A&M, who serves as communications director. “This is not just about stand your ground. This is a full legislative package to challenge the criminalization of our generation. Because the Governor and the legislators are not working on this, Dream Defenders are doing the work. We are conducting our own hearings, taking testimony from community and expert witnesses with court reporter transcription, and getting the word out.”
Repealing stand your ground is not enough, says Ciara Taylor also of Florida A&M, who serves as political director. “Ultimately you’re still ignoring the root of the issue…and that is the criminalization of our youth, the way that young people in Florida, black, white and brown, and that’s due to the school to prison pipeline and racial profiling that perpetuated throughout law enforcement.”
“There is a lot of work to be done to stop the school to prison pipeline and racial profiling.”
They are making progress. The Florida Speaker of the House is calling for legislative hearings to review the stand your ground law. “It’s an encouraging first step,” says Curtis Hierro of University of Central Florida, “but we know there is a lot of work to be done to stop the school to prison pipeline and racial profiling.”
One part of the sit-in is a teach-in. The testimony gathered by their three days of hearings is profound. You can see it online at their website. A Latino student from Tampa testified that he was profiled all the time. “Sometimes I have to be invisible to survive.” A young black student from Miami recalled how as a child he gave a friendly wave to a police car as it went by only to have the car stop and the officer scream at him and threaten to arrest him for flipping off the police. “I was devastated,” he testified. “I thought the police were super-heroes and now I was going to jail?” His mom came out and stopped him from going to jail but the idea of Officer Friendly was gone forever. Ten year old 5th grader Jamaya Peeples told me about her brother going to jail and how it made her mad and sad. Jamaya said she is going to stay at the sit-in “until the Governor calls a session. If school starts before then, I will come back on weekends and breaks.”
Dream Defenders have chapters at Florida A&M, Florida State, the Universities of Florida, Central Florida and South Florida. They also have chapters at Florida International and Miami Dade College. But people all over the nation are joining in. They are on Twitter at #takeoverfl.
We can always hope!
Bill Quigley is a human rights lawyer with the Center for Constitutional Rights and teaches law at Loyola University New Orleans College of Law. A version of this article with full sources is available. You can contact Bill at firstname.lastname@example.org.